Infant Hemangioma Pictures - 54 Photos & Images
An infantile hemangioma (hem-an-gee-o-ma), or "strawberry mark," is a very common type of birthmark made of blood vessels. Most hemangiomas are not visible at birth. When they do appear, they may first show up as a small bruise, scratch or tiny red bump.
Most hemangiomas are not visible at birth, but they often begin to appear during the first four to six weeks of a child’s life. All skin hemangiomas will be visible by six months of age. They may occur anywhere on the skin surface, but they are most common on the scalp, face and neck. Many first appear as a small bruise, scratch or a tiny red bump. But unlike other types of birthmarks, they will grow and change quickly during your child’s first few months. Hemangiomas can occur anywhere on the skin, including, rarely, in the organs of the body. Most often, hemangiomas grow on the skin of the head or neck.
There are three general types of infantile hemangiomas:
Superficial hemangiomas, which occur on the outer layers of the skin, are typically bright red to purple in color.
Deep hemangiomas, which grow under the skin in the fat, may be blue, purple or even skin color (if they are deep enough under the skin surface).
Mixed hemangiomas are the most common type of hemangioma. These hemangiomas have both superficial and deep components.
Hemangiomas’ shape, size and growth rate
Most hemangiomas are round or oval in shape, but larger lesions may follow the shape of the affected body part.
The size of hemangiomas varies. Some are very small (1 mm), while others are very large (20 cm or larger).
Every hemangioma differs in how fast it grows and how long it grows before it stops.
The cause of infantile hemangioma is unknown. However, we do know some things about them. For example:
They are more common in girls than boys
They are more often seen in Caucasian children
They are seen more frequently in babies born very small or born several weeks before their due date. We have not yet identified what may put these infants at risk. Research continues at Children's to find the causes of hemangiomas so we can begin to prevent these lesions and control their growth.
Although most infantile hemangiomas are not anything to worry about, approximately 12 percent of these are complex enough to warrant a visit with a specialist who is familiar with birthmarks and vascular anomalies and knows what to look for. If your child develops any marks or lumps, it’s best to have them checked by a pediatrician who will let you know whether you should see a specialist.