Eczema on Head Pictures - 10 Photos & Images

Scalp eczema, or seborrheic dermatitis, is a type of eczema that causes redness, itching, flaking and the development of oily, scaly patches on the scalp. Many factors may contribute to the development of eczema, including genetics, climate, stress, overall health and an overgrowth of or sensitivity to the yeast that normally reside on the scalp. The American Academy of Dermatology states that the immune system is likely involved in some way, as the condition is more common in those with HIV. Scalp eczema affects people of all races and ages and may spread to other areas of the body.

Avoid taking long, hot showers or baths, as these may dry the skin, increase itching and worsen scalp eczema. The Nemours Foundation also suggests avoiding harsh shampoos and soaps and hair products containing alcohol or fragrances.

Keep your skin cool to prevent irritation and itching. The American Academy of Family Physicians recommends limiting activities that make you sweaty and hot. Showering with lukewarm water immediately after exercising and applying moisturizing ointment to dry, itchy or irritated areas will help soothe the skin. Oil-based moisturizers are more effective at treating dry skin and eczema than water-based moisturizers.

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