Rubella in Adults Pictures - 12 Photos & Images
Rubella is spread: 1. When an infected person talks, coughs or sneezes small droplets containing infectious agents into the air. The droplets in the air may be breathed in by those nearby. 2. By indirect contact with hands, tissues or other articles soiled by nose and throat discharges.
Rubella infection in a woman in the first 8 to 10 weeks of pregnancy results in death of or damage to the fetus in up to 90% of cases. Multiple defects are common (for example, deafness, blindness, brain and heart damage, and mental handicap) and late complications are being increasingly recognised. The risk lowers to about 10 to 20% if the mother gets rubella at 16 weeks gestation and defects are rare after 20 weeks.
In other people, rubella is a mild disease. Symptoms, when present, may include:
conjunctivitis (inflammation of the lining of the eyelids and eye)
rash (see image)
swollen glands (especially at the back of the neck)
Symptoms, particularly joint pains, are more severe in adults.
Rubella is diagnosed by a blood test. Clinical diagnosis based on the appearance of the rash is unreliable.