Albinism is an inherited disease characterized by a substantially lower rate of melanin production.
Melanin is the pigment responsible for the color of the skin, hair, and eyes.
In general, but not always, people with albinism have lighter colored skin and hair than the other members of their family or ethnic group.
Regardless of skin or hair tone, people with albinism always have some level of dysfunction with their vision.
Because melanin normally protects the skin from UV (ultraviolet) damage, people with the disorder are more sensitive to sun exposure and have an increased risk of skin cancer.